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B-Lines Hub

B-Lines Scotland

Scotland has a rich diversity of habitats including grassland, ancient Caledonian woodland, flower-rich Machair in the Western Isles and peat bog that are home to a range of wildlife and particularly important for invertebrates. 

Map Key

  • Type of work carried out
  • Wildflower meadow creation
  • Habitat restoration
  • Wildflower plug planting
  • Wildflower sowing
  • School activities
  • Urban Meadow
  • Bee hotels
  • Wildflower margins, pollen and nectar mixes
  • Green roof
  • B-lines | |

Scotland’s B-Lines


In Scotland, grassland habitats are widespread and diverse covering about one third of the landscape. These fall into either upland or lowland grassland types. A vast majority of Scotland’s grasslands have been created by human activity through farming and are now managed for specific purposes. Due to this, many are now intensively managed or ‘improved’ to enhance productivity, and as a consequence tend to be very species-poor. 



True unimproved and unmanaged lowland grasslands are now rare in Scotland because farmers have been improving their land to increase yield for centuries. Farming is important for our meat and milk industry but intensive farming has upset the balance of species that have co-existed for many years. Additionally, in our urban areas, many of our grasslands are managed intensively as amenity grassland and cut several times a year and have very poor species diversity.



Our unimproved grasslands are under threat due to fragmentation and isolation, further improvement of land through farming such as the application of herbicides and fertilisers, over-grazing, over-cutting and lack of management through abandonment that changes the vegetation structure through the growth of scrub.



Grasslands are vital habitat for a wide range of animals and plants and are particularly important for invertebrates to grasshoppers and froghoppers to solitary bees and hoverflies. Through the John Muir Pollinator Way project, Buglife have mapped Scotland’s first B-lines to map opportunities for grassland habitat creation, enhancement and management along the entire 134 mile route of the John Muir Way and 1.86 mile either side of this. A number of opportunities have been identified to help link habitat in our towns and villages along the route including in public parks, school grounds and at golf courses.



Take part in creating our B-Lines” and find out more on our B-Lines FAQ.


Everyone who lives, works, owns land or goes to school on a B-Line can help, even if only in a small way.


Look at the project pages and partnership pages, to see some of the activity going on in Scotland and look at our map to see where we need to be doing more.