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There are 25 species of bumblebee in the UK. They have two pairs of wings, long antennae and a hairy body. Our common bumblebees usually have tails that are white, red, or brown and some have yellow bands. They're important pollinators of crops such as raspberries, peas and tomatoes.
There are almost 240 species of solitary bee in the UK. They are mostly smaller than bumblebees. The group includes mining bees that nest in the ground, and mason and leafcutter bees that nest in wood or walls and bees that nest in hollow plant stems. Some are valuable pollinators of fruit trees.
Hoverflies and Beeflies
There are 11 species of bee-fly and almost 280 species of hoverfly in the UK. They have large eyes and only one pair of wings. Some mimic bees and wasps but cannot sting. Adult hoverflies help to pollinate our crops and wildflowers. whilst hoverfly larvae eat aphids (like greenfly) and other garden pests.
There are around 100 pollinating beetle species in Britain. They have hard and protective forewings (elytra) to protect their delicate hind wings. They come in a variety of different shapes.